Skin disorders usually vary in severity and symptoms. Besides that, they can be permanent or temporary and can be painful or painless. A common skin condition that affects millions of Americans at different stages in life is acne. To understand the symptoms and causes of this skin disorder below is its overview.

What is Acne?

It’s a common skin condition that’s caused when the hair follicles which are plugged with dead skin cells and oil. Acne affects different parts of the body which include the face, chest, shoulders, upper back, and the forehead. It can be a persistent skin condition but there are various effective acne treatments.

What Are The Causes of Acne?

Acne is one of the most common skin disorders. It’s usually prevalent in teens but may also affect adults. The skin condition is normally caused by a variety of factors which block the skin pores. Some of the causes of acne include:

  • Hormonal changes: this is usually common in females who are menstruating. Hormonal imbalance may lead to the development of cystic acne around the back, neck, and chin. The rising levels of androgens cause the oil glands under the skin to produce more sebum.
  • Air pollution: accumulation of toxic waste on the skin may block the skin pores, leading to the development of acne.
  • Wrong use of skin care products.
  • Stress: this is a driving force that causes hormonal changes. Stress increases the production of cortisol hormone which may trigger acne.
  • Super fuzzy foods: food varieties such as caffeine, foods, chocolate, pizza, and fried foods can cause acne breakouts and zits. In addition to that, dairy-based foods can also trigger your acne.
  • Sugary food: if you have a sweet tooth, then there are high chances that you can suffer from this skin problem. Sugar increases the level of blood insulin which may trigger acne.

What Are The Symptoms Of Acne?

Symptoms Of Acne

Acne is a skin disorder that manifests itself by displaying a variety of symptoms. This is because there are different types of acne. Besides that, the severity of acne will determine the type of symptoms that are displayed. Common acne symptoms include:

  • Small red bumps which are tender to touch.
  • Painful and pus-filled lumps which are found beneath the skin surface.
  • Pimples which are filled with pus at the tips
  • Solid and painful lumps which are found beneath the skin surface
  • Open pores that are plugged
  • Closed pores that are plugged

Acne Treatments

Acne can be treated using prescription medications, over-the-counter drug, as well as home remedies. Some of the most effective home remedies that can be used to control this skin disorder include:

  • Diet Changes: scientific reports indicate that there are some food varieties that can worsen acne. To reduce the symptoms of acne, affected persons are usually advised to consume a diet that’s rich in Vitamin A, Vitamin E, and minerals such as zinc. Look for foods which have a low glycemic load.
  • Tea: This is a beverage that contains high amounts of polyphenols. Green tea, for instance, can be applied as a topical treatment. It helps to reduce the production of sebum and ease the symptoms of acne.
  • Tea-tree oil: 5 percent tea-tree oil can significantly help to reduce the symptoms of mild or moderate acne. It has anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties which help to prevent the development of acne lesions. It’s also a natural moisturizer which helps to restore the skin’s natural oil balance.
  • Apart from the home remedies, you can use biotics and antibacterial which are externally applied. They include products such as Dapsone, Azelaic acid, Erythromycin, and Sulfacetamide among others.

Acne Recommendations

If you have acne, it’s important to exfoliate periodically. It helps to prevent the development of new symptoms and treat the existing ones. The best product for exfoliation is glycolic acid and glycolic cleanse which helps to soak the skin. Additionally, get spot treatments which you can use to quickly treat a pimple.


Do not try to extract a cyst on your own. If you have big painful zits, do not remove them on your own because picking and prodding them will leave a scar. However, you can reduce its size by draining it. Cysts are usually painful because they stretch up to the nerves. So, after draining them, apply a cold or warm compress and then go and see a dermatologist.

The Bottom Line

Regardless of the type of treatment you choose, treating acne needs perseverance and patience. This is because it’s a skin disorder that takes longer to heal. Treatment can take up to three months before you start seeing any visible changes. Unless you are experiencing side effects, it’s important to give each skin regime adequate time before you can try other methods. If your acne is severe, consult with your dermatologist as soon as you can.

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